Except in rare circumstances, all groin hernias need to be repaired. This is not because of pain or a bulge, but because of the risk that the hernia contents may become caught and strangulate. This is referred to as incarceration and strangulation, respectively, and frequently requires an emergency operation with the possible removal of dead tissue.
A history and physical examination confirms the presence of a hernia.
The contents of the hernia are returned to the abdomen and the hernia defect (i.e. the hole) is sewn closed, usually using a piece of synthetic mesh to reinforce the repair.
Length of stay
One to two weeks, except no lifting over five to ten pounds for six weeks.